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INFO ABOUT TATARSTAN >> Tatarstan in Brief
 
 

Location
The Republic of Tatarstan is located on the eastern frontier of Europe at the confluence of the Volga and the Kama rivers. The most outlying points of the Republic are in 56°39' North, 53°58' South, 45°15' West and 54°18' East. The distance from Moscow is 797 km.

Territory
The Republic of Tatarstan covers the territory of 68,000 sq. km which is roughly the size of such countries as Ireland, Lithuania, Sri-Lanka. In the North it borders Kirovsky region (oblast), in the North-East Republic of Udmurtia, in the North-West-Republic of Mari-El, in the West-Chuvashia, in the East-Republic of Bashkortostan, and in the South-Samara Region (oblast), Orenburg region, Ulyanovsk region.

Climate
The climate of Tatarstan is mild continental with long, warm and sometimes hot and droughty summer and moderately cold winter. Snowy period is almost 5 months (from mid- November to early April). Average temperature of January is -14 C, and that of July is +19 C. The range of monthly average temperatures is 32 C to 34 C, and the range of absolute temperatures is 86 C. Annual precipitation ranges from 430 millimeters to 500 millimeters.

Natural resources
The main wealth of Tatarstan is oil. More man 2.6 billion tons has been produced for the whole period of oil extraction in the Republic of Tatarstan (since 1946). At present, oil stocks of Tatarstan are estimated to be 0.8-1.0 billion tons. The most well-known oil fields are Romashkinskoye, Nova-Yelkhovskoye, Pervomaiskoye and Bondyuzhskoye. Along with oil, bradenhead gas is extracted in the amount of 40 cu. m per ton of oil. The Republic holds rich stocks of petroleum bitumens Besides, Tatarstan possesses the stocks of brown and black coal, goat, combustible slates, copper ores, gypsum, cement raw material, sand-gravel mixtures, mason's and glass-making sand, limestones and dolomites, clays, phosphorites, mineral waters, medical muds. The Republic has huge water resources - annual flow of rivers of the Republic exceeds 240 billion cu. m. Soils are very diverse, the best fertile soils covering 1/3 of the territory. Due to high development of agriculture in Tatarstan, forests occupy only 16% of its territory.
The largest rivers of the Republic are the Volga, the Kama and its two navigable tributaries-the Belaya and the Vyatka. The total flow of the four rivers makes 234 billion cu. m per year. Certain part of the territory of the Republic is occupied by reservoirs-the Kuibyshev and the Nizhnekamskoye.

 

Tatarstan in Numbers

Capital Kazan (Qazan)
Area - 67,836.2 km²
Population

- Total

- Density

- Urban

- Rural

- Male

- Female

 

- 3,779,265 (2002)

- 55.6/km²

- 2,790,661 (73.8%)

- 988,604 (26.2%)

- 1,749,050 (46.3%)

- 2,030,215 (53.7%)

Political status

Republic

Official languages

Russian, Tatar

President

Rustam Minnikhanov

Legislature

State Council of Tatarstan

Time Zone

UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).

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